Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice

Why study Criminal Justice at SMC?

In 1970 the Associate of Arts in Police Science and Administration was created at Spartanburg Junior College (now Spartanburg Methodist College). Over the years, the program evolved into the Associate of Arts in Criminal Justice degree and then became the Associate of Criminal Justice in 1985. This is a program that is designed to be the beginning of a students’ introduction into the Criminal Justice field. It is the foundation for entry into the law enforcement profession or continuing their education at the four-year level.


LashleySummer Lashley, Ph.D., Director of Criminal Justice Program & Professor of Criminal Justice

Walker Building, Office 305B
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Dr. Lashley earned her Ph.D. with a specialization in Criminal Justice and a research concentration in Forensics from Capella University. Prior to her doctoral work, she earned a Master of Science degree in Criminal Forensic Studies from Florida Gulf Coast University. During that time, her applied concentration focused on Forensic Behavioral Analysis.  She also holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Florida State University.

Due to her lifelong passion for animals, Dr. Lashley decided to pursue a second master’s degree after completing her doctorate at the University of Florida’s graduate program in Veterinary Forensic Sciences.

Her research interests center on veterinary/wildlife forensics.

Dr. Lashley is active in many professional organizations including the American Academy of Forensic Science, American Society of Criminology, Graduate Women in Science, and the Southern Criminal Justice Association. She is also involved in several animal advocacy organizations.

In addition to her teaching and research responsibilities, she spends her spare time as an equestrian and with her many pets.


Judge Donnie Willingham, Adjunct

Juris Doctorate – University of South Carolina School of Law
B.A. in Government & Political Economy and Philosophy – Wofford College

Spartanburg County Magistrate Court Judge
Seventh Judicial Circuit Solicitors Office
Law Clerk:
Judge E. Clary
South Carolina Attorney General’s Office
Professional Organizations and Associations:
Member, South Carolina Bar Association
Member, Summary Court Judges Association
Former member, National District Attorneys Association
Former member, South Carolina Solicitors Association


Ashley Harris, Adjunct Instructor of Criminal Justice

Walker Building, Office 211
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B.A. in Chemistry – Wofford College
Master in Chemistry – Furman University
Special Agent – SLED Forensic Chemist
Lieutenant, Chief Chemist – Spartanburg County Sheriff’s Department (retired)

Course Descriptions

Degree Requirements

CRMJ-101: INTRODUCTION TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. (3 hours) A course not in law but about the law as a means of social control. Designed to bring a better understanding of how our criminal justice system works in the prevention, detection, prosecution, and punishment of crime, fair administration of justice, and restoration of offenders to the community. For the beginning student interested in a career in the criminal justice field.
CRMJ-105: POLICE ETHICS. (1 hour) Police conduct is examined as it relates to ethical principles. Includes the examination of ethical dilemmas pertaining to professional activities in the field. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-110: POLICE ADMINISTRATION. (3 hours) Study of the modern law enforcement agency, its functions, structure, and operational techniques. Attention is given to general and specialized units, principles of organization, staff, budget, and control. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-112: INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY. (3 hours) Review of the extent of crime, types of crime, causes of crime, and the law enforcement officer’s role in control of crime. Special attention to controversial issues in criminology with full discussion of different views. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-202: CRIMINAL EVIDENCE AND PROCEDURES. (3 hours) Study of criminal evidence for police, types of evidence, criminal procedure in various courts, legal arrests and searches (constitutional requirements, etc.), court functions (indictments, grand and petit juries, etc.), and rights and duties of officers and citizens. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the instructor.
CRMJ-203: INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL LAW. (3 hours) Study of the nature, types, and sources of criminal law. Classification and analysis of crime and criminal acts in general. Examination of selected specific criminal offenses. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-210: JUVENILE RELATIONS. (3 hours) Examination of various theories relating to causal factors of juvenile delinquency and a study of the evolving juvenile justice system, to include law enforcement, courts, corrections, and prevention. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-211: COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS. (3 hours) Survey of alternatives to incarceration which includes discussions on probation, parole, shock probation, work release, and other alternatives to incarceration. Discussions also address questions such as correctional philosophy, the legal implications of alternative systems and supervisory techniques. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-212: INTRODUCTION TO CORRECTIONS. (3 hours) A review of the history of development of jails and prison systems. Introduction to prison management, operations, and programs, current methods of classification, treatment, security. Career opportunities in penology also discussed. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-213: COMMUNITY POLICING. (3 hours) Survey of the subject ranging from theory and definition of community policing to the actual duties of the officer supervising and evaluating programs. Emphasis is placed on maintaining an immediate and effective police response to individual crime incidents and emergencies with the goal of exploring new proactive initiatives aimed at problem solving. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-214: VICTIMOLOGY. (3 hours) An introduction to victims of crime, their roles as victims, their treatment by the criminal justice system, and their willingness to report crimes and to prosecute. Emphasis will be placed on the rights of the victim as well as victim compensation programs. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CRMJ-101 or permission of the program director.
CRMJ-220: INTRODUCTION TO FORENSICS SCIENCE. (3 hours) An introductory course with emphasis on the terminology and techniques used in forensic science. Topics will include: physical evidence, fingerprint evidence, trace evidence, toxicological evidence, arson and explosive evidence, drug evidence, ballistics and DNA testing. Prerequisite: CRMJ 101 or permission of the department director and/or the instructor.